Tumors of Parotid Gland in Albania, 10 Year Study Results

Besim Boçi, Klevis Thomai, Roven Sinani, Ilias Ballomas

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate surgical variations and treatment results of parotids gland masses that require parotidectomy. Methodology: The study group includes patients diagnosed in ENT service of UHC Tirana with tumors of the parotid gland and undergone parotidectomy. We recorded all patient personal data, histology (benign or malignant) of the disease, FNAC reports, type of surgical procedure, complications, and histology of the excised masses. All data was elaborated by statistical analysis with SPSS version 15.0. Results: Of 96 patients treated between years 2005-2014, 47 (49%) were males and 49 (51%) were female, with e median age of 42=/-12.6 years old. All patients presented with and indolent mass around the ear. 90.47% (87) of the patients had a benign tumor, and 9.52% (9) had a malignant tumor. Superficial parotidectomy was performed in 79.36% (n=76) of the patient, total parotidectomy was performed in 19% (n=18) of the cases, and total extended parotidectomy was performed in 2 cases with mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The most frequent post-operative complication was auricular major nerve palsy (n=14; 15%), followed by transitory palsy of the facial nerve (n=8; 9%). Conclusions: Parotid gland masses effect people of both genders. Most of the patients have benign disease and mostly pleomorphic adenoma. The surgical procedure performed more frequently is superficial parotidectomy.

Keywords: Parotid gland, superficial parotidectomy, pleomorphic adenoma, facial nerve palsy, mucoepidermoid carcinoma.


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